Dealing with Spouses in a Business Family
This week’s post was inspired by an email I received from a colleague. She sent along a video blog she’d watched that spurred her questions.
Coincidentally, I’d just watched the video that morning. It was from Wayne Rivers of the Family Business Institute.
Your spouse is CRITICAL to your planning
The video talks about why it’s so important to involve the spouses of family business principals in all of the planning that gets done.
Rivers is speaking about the very early stages of planning, for the work business families face when transitioning a business from one generation to the next.
Not involving the spouses at this stage would clearly be a mistake.
All of the In-Laws ?
The questions from my colleague, however, went much further than simple planning, to full blown governance questions, which take the issue to a whole new level.
When you’re talking about two or three generations, including many adult children with spouses and children, the question of involving spouses can get pretty tricky in a hurry.
Three-Circle Basics – Again
Here are some of the essentials that come to mind when dealing with these situations:
- There are three circles, and each is its own “system”: Family, Business, and Ownership
- Each system is made up of different groups of people, who then need to come up with ways to govern themselves, i.e. communicate and make decisions together
- Some questions that business families face can become pretty ambiguous, so it’s paramount to think through which questions need to be addressed by which group. This is NOT a one-shot deal, it will come up over, and over, and over again.
- Rules about who belongs in which group need to be clear, and they should be made by the members of each group
- It’s easier to start with a small group when making the rules, and then to carefully enlarge the group afterwards
- All rules that a group makes for itself should be logical and clearly defined
Multiple Governance Layers
There can also be more than one group in each circle.
In the business circle, at the most basic level, there are likely different groups or committees charged with certain day-to-day tasks.
At the other extreme, the business may have a board of directors or executive committee, charged with big-picture decisions.
(Yes, I realize that many founders act as their own self-contained, “one-man-show” board and executive committee.)
It’s possible to have a variety of people or groups who make decisions at different levels.
Family Assembly versus Family Council
For the family circle, when there are more than a dozen or so people involved, you may have a “family assembly” that brings together everyone with a stake in the family.
In order to translate their wishes and needs into a coherent forum for decision-making, they may elect to have a “family council” to represent them.
There would typically only be 5-10 family members on the council, whose role is to represent the views of the larger group.
Voice versus Vote
One of the most important concepts to always keep in mind here is the difference between having a voice and having a vote.
Everyone should have a voice, an opportunity to be heard. It helps when they’ve all been informed, so that when they do voice their points, they do so in an informed fashion.
If some members are voicing things from a position of ignorance of the issues, often simply clarifying things will go a long way to diminish the volume of their voices.
Many “complaints” simply stem from a lack of information.
Everyone usually wants to be informed, and to be heard.
Rules for Inclusion
The rules for inclusion must be clear and also “clean”, i.e. easily explained and interpreted by anyone. For example, if my wife is in, so is my sister’s husband.
There’s no room here for picking and choosing without solid reasons.
All of this is easier said than done, of course, and easier in theory than in practice
The key is to go slowly, it’s not a race. Taking the time to get it right will be well worth it in the end. Building consensus takes time.
How Many Is Too Many?
The photo I chose to accompany this post is a bit of a trick.
There are 15 people at that meeting.
That’s NOT a good number to begin with.